Saturday, June 26, 2010

Jom Solat Sunat Gerhana Bulan


KUALA LUMPUR, 26 Jun — Masyarakat Islam digalakkan menunaikan solat sunat khusuf atau solat sunat gerhana bulan sempena dengan fenomena gerhana bulan separa malam ini.

Menurut Agensi Angkasa Negara (Angkasa), gerhana akan bermula dengan fasa penumbra pada pukul 4.57 petang ini dan mencapai tahap gerhana maksimum pada pukul 7.30 malam sebelum dijangka berakhir pada pukul 10.22 malam ini.


Solat Sunat Gerhana atau juga dikenali sebagai solat sunat Kusuf atau Solat Khusuf merupakan solat yang didirikan sewaktu terjadi gerhana bulan atau matahari. Solat sunat gerhana matahari dalam istilah arabnya : Solat Sunat Kusuf. Solat sunat gerhana bulan dalam istilah arabnya : Solat Sunat Khusuf.

Kusuf dari segi bahasa bermaksud terlindungnya cahaya matahari samada terlindungnya itu dalam bentuk juzu'nya atau keseluruhannya. Khusuf pula mutlak digunakan untuk lindungan cahaya bulan secara juzu' atau pun keseluruhannya. Ramai ulama' yang menyatakan bahawa kedua-dua kalimah itu boleh digunakan untuk kedua-duanya sekali samada gerhana bulan atau pun matahari.

Hukum Solat Gerhana

Hukumnya adalah sunat muakkadah atau pun sunat yang digalakkan.

Ini berdasarkan daripada hadis yang diriwayatkan oleh Imam Muslim yang bermakna : Sesungguhnya matahari dan bulan merupakan dua tanda daripada tanda-tanda (kebesaran) Allah tidak berlaku gerhana pada kedua-duanya kerana kematiaan seseorang dan tidak pula kerana kelahirannya. Maka apabila kamu melihat perkara itu maka sembahyanglah dan berdoalah sehingga kembali terang(hilang gerhana) apa dengan kamu.

Hadis ini keluar daripada mulut Rasulullah s.a.w pada hari kematian anak lelakinya Ibrahim di mana ramai orang mendakwa bahawa kematian Ibrahim inilah yang menyebabkan matahari bersedih sehingga berlakunya gerhana. Mengikut kepercayaan mereka ketika jahiliah di mana apabila berlakunya gerhana matahari atau pun bulan maka mereka beranggapan bahawa berlakunya sesuatu gerhana disebabkan kematian seseorang yang besar dan mulia.

Rasulullah s.a.w telah menyangkal kefahaman karut ini lalu bersabda sebagaimana tersebut. Begitulah juga dengan kebanyakan kita hari ini yang mana mereka bukan bersegera untuk solat gerhana apabila berlakunya sesuatu gerhana tetapi sebaliknya mencari sesuatu untuk memukul pangkal-pangkal pokok buahan supaya berbuah lebat. Perkara ini jika melibatkan kepercayaan yang berlawan dengan kekuasaan Allah dalam membuat sesuatu boleh membawa kepada syirik.

Cara Solat Sunat Gerhana

Solat gerhana ini disunatkan untuk ditunaikan secara berjemaah dengan diseru sebelum mendirikannya : as-Solatu Jaami'ah!! ( Solat berjemaah )

Niatnya : "Sahaja aku solat sunat gerhana bulan dua rakaat mengikut imam kerana Allah Ta'ala" - (Jika berimam) ataupun "Sahaja aku solat sunat gerhana bulan dua rakaat kerana Allah Ta'ala" - (Jika solat seorang diri)

Solat gerhana ini boleh dilakukan secara berseorang atau secara berjemaah dan sebaiknya dilakukan secara berjemaah. Solat Gerhana mengandungi 2 rakaat, 4 al-Fatihah, 4 rukuk, dan 4 sujud. Iaitu seperti berikut :

Rakaat pertama

1. Niat solat Gerhana, Takbir

2. Baca Surah Al-Fatihah dan surah

3. Rukuk

4. I'tidal

5. Baca Al-Fatihah dan surah

6. Rukuk.

7. I'tidal.

8. Sujud dan seterusnya seperti solat biasa.

Rakaat kedua

1. Niat solat Gerhana, Takbir.

2. Baca Al-Fatihah dan surah.

3. Rukuk.

4. I'tidal,

5. Baca Al-Fatihah dan surah.

6. Rukuk.

7. I'tidal.

8. Sujud

9. Tahiyyat Akhir

Sunday, June 20, 2010

What Your Teacher Didn't Tell You



"WHAT YOUR TEACHER DIDN'T TELL YOU: The Annexe Lectures, Vol.1”, published by Matahari Books, is a collection of texts of Farish Noor’s free public lectures at The Annexe Gallery.

Dr. Farish A. Noor might just be Malaysia's hippest intellectual. His gifts are on full display in these expanded versions of public lectures that he delivered at The Annexe Gallery, Central Market Kuala Lumpur in 2008 and 2009.

Find out how “racial difference” became such a big deal in Malaysia, and contrast this against the way our distant ancestors lived. Discover the hidden stories of the keris, Hang Tuah and PAS. There's also quite a bit of sex. Erudite, impassioned and sometimes just plain naughty, “WHAT YOUR TEACHER DIDN'T TELL YOU” is a stimulating plunge into aspects of our past that have been kept from us.

On the whole, this book is a fascinating read. Trust me, local history has never been more interesting. The book triggers your brain into being critical of what we perceive, reveals shocking secrets of our ancestors, and visits the unconventional history which ours teachers never told us about, the book is written in simple language and punched with some cynicism and a dash of sarcasm, but never the less containing academic vigor that one would expect from a university course. It looks at our history in the context of the present day, making it pertinent and contemporary. It forces us to question years of indoctrination about just who we are and why we are the way we are.

Reading this book has challenged me to think more critically, it has inspired me to deconstruct and analyze matters from a neutral point of view, to continue learning, to further appreciate the fineness of our culture of our past and our future. It has taught me to understand how perception is built, how facts are manipulated, how truth always prevails, and how moral is more then just a code of conduct. It has taught me to research beyond what meets the eye, beyond what perception paints, to be prudent in my course and to think beyond the obvious.

I recommend this book to those who are interested in understanding our past, our present and building our future, for those who have a taste for the naked truth, for those who enjoy academic arguments, for those who have always had that little something for their history teachers. Finally before I end my review I would like to quote Professor Dr Azmi Sharom’s preface to the book.

Academic freedom is a prerequisite of academic excellence. In the words of Chief Justice Earl Warren in the case of Sweezy v New Hampshire (1957):

To impose any straightjacket upon the intellectual leaders in our colleges and universities would imperil the future of the nation. No field of education is so thoroughly comprehended by man that new discoveries cannot yet be made. Particularly is that true in the social sciences where few, if any, principles are accepted as absolute.

Monday, June 14, 2010

Summary “ AN EDUCATION SYSTEM WORTHY OF MALAYSIA “


Author : M. BAKRI MUSA

Published by : Strategic information research development (SIRD)


Malaysia’s highly centralized and tightly controlled system of education fails in educating and integrating the young. It is also ill suited for a plural society.

Instead of the present rigid and uniform system, the writer calls for one that is flexible and diverse, but with a core commonality. There should also be private sector participation competition and spur innovation.

Achieving this requires changing the ministry of education from one obsessed with strict top-down command, to a more democratized model woth power and responsibilities delegated to the periphery. The minister is less a drill sergeant backing out orders to his raw recruits but more a symphony conductor coaxing the best out of his skilled musicians.

The reforms suggested here will make Malaysian fluently bilingual in Malay & English, science literate, and mathematically competent, as well as foster a common Malaysian identity.